This list provides websites with useful information and exercises
on research topics covered in Investigating the Social World,
Fourth Edition. This list includes all websites in the end-of-chapter
web exercises. Are you looking for additional depth on a research
topic? Then try these additional websites.
Society, and Social Research
Archive of materials compiled for now-defunct Columbia University
online consortium. Includes "seminars" on a variety of topics
ranging from historical and scientific to sociological and political.
Stanford Institute for the Quantitative Study of Society site,
with report on their national survey of Internet use.
UCLA Center for Communication Policy site, with report on their
survey of Internet use.
The National Geographic Society's site for their Survey 2000 project.
Detailed compilation of findings and many interesting displays.
The New York Times Web edition. Regular news stories and other
regular newspaper sections. Some pictures and audio files. Also,
special news sections for Web users; online forums, allowing you
to read comments on some issue—and to send a comment yourself;
and search options.
The Pew Internet Project site. Detailed results and project description.
SocioSite. Social science information system based at the University
of Amsterdam. Offers links and access to a vast number of helpful
sites on the Internet related to sociology. Can be used as a reference
source for sociology on the Web.
Errors in reasoning that lead to "quack theories" are discussed.
Washington Post web site, with daily news and commentary. Free,
but requires registration.
Process and Problems of Social Research
Office for Human Research Protections of the U.S. Department of
Health and Human Services.
Guidebook to Human Subject Protections for Institutional Review
Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects.
Ethics site maintained by the University of Arkansas. Cases are
described that involve various ethical and moral dilemmas confronted
in social science research, public administration, policy making,
and so on. Each case offers a different example of an ethical
issue. Lists of questions allow the reader to explore the complexity
of the ethics issues involved and reflect on his or her own opinions
regarding the cases.
The National Academy of Science report "On Being a Scientist:
Responsible Conduct in Research." Discusses ethical issues in
Glossary of terms used in discussing ethics.
for Citing and Searching Sources
Dartmouth College Sources. A compendium on how to cite sources
from a variety of media, with examples.
APA style. Electronic reference formats suggested by the American
Evaluating Web Sites: Criteria and Tools. Developed by the Olin
Kroch Uris Libraries at Cornell University. Guidelines for evaluating
web sites and links to many sites with more detailed information.
InfoPeople Search Engines Quick Guide. Comprehensive and comparative
data on most of the major search engines.
Online! A guide to proper citation of different types of online
sources, with examples conforming to MLA style, APA style, Chicago
style, and more.
Search Engine Watch. A helpful site to visit to learn about search
Guide to locating, translating, and using the correct citation
elements for various styles (such as APA, MLA) when referencing
Annual Reviews of Sociology online. Abstracts from volumes can
be searched by subject or by keywords. Offers downloads of complete
text of articles for a fee.
Electronic Journal of Sociology. Full text of articles published
Sociological Research Online. Full text articles published only
PubList. Quick and easy access to information on thousands of
publications. Many of the publications listed can be purchased
for a fee.
American Communication Association site, with overview of activities
and links to other sites about communications and social science
American Sociological Association. Includes lists of publications,
Ethics Code, Employment Bulletin, and summaries of research funding
Eastern Sociological Society site, with useful links, job opportunities.
The Sociolog. Links to lists of professional associations, sociology
departments, university catalogs, data archives.
National Association of Social Workers. Contains a wealth of information
for social work practitioners and students.
American Psychological Association. Includes much useful information
about the APA, the psychology profession, and the results of selected
The Australian Sociological Association, with links to a variety
of sociological resources.
Society of the Study of Symbolic Interaction. Professional association
oriented to qualitative researchers who study social interaction.
Includes links to many other related web sites.
Argus Clearinghouse. Provides subject guides on the Internet and
classifies them under subject headings.
INFOMINE (Scholarly Internet Resource Collections). This is one
example of a site that scholars can use to link to other sites
containing a wide range of scholarly materials.
Library resources and links. Library of Congress, presidential
libraries, database of academic research journals, academic libraries
with Web servers.
Social Science Information Gateway. An omnibus source offering
a comprehensive index of links to multiple resources in sociology,
including research methods sites, professional associations, and
research centers. A good reference source for social science browsing
on the Web.
Library of Congress site with resources for researchers.
Family Sociology Resources. University of Colorado site with links
to family sociology resources. (Note: SOC/RES in the URL must
be all caps.)
Listing of various resources for sociologists.
The WWW Virtual Library. The original Internet subject guide that
covers many disciplines including the Social Sciences.
WSSLINKS (Women's Studies Section Links). A subject guide compiled
by the Women's Studies Section Collection Development Committee
of the American Association of College and Research Libraries.
Extensive list of links for methodological issues and needs related
to social psychology.
Yahoo! A large and comprehensive Internet subject directory.
and Philosophies for Social Research
A Sociological Tour Through Cyberspace. Trinity University site
with links to many resources, including government statistics,
data sources, and theory groups.
Discussion of strengths and weaknesses of structural-functionalism,
conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism.
Resources and definitions on rhetorical analysis.
Diverse resources on a range of topics spanning art, communications
theory, sociology, literary criticism.
Entire course (printed) on philosophy of science.
Series of slides with text and points about qualitative research,
its basis in interpretive philosophy and the differences between
that perspective and positivist philosophy.
Guide to philosophical sources on the Internet.
An entertaining and informative essay on positivism, interpretivism,
Clear outline of differences between interpretivism and positivism,
and qualitative and quantitative research.
Information on contemporary social theorists and philosophers,
mostly those with a "postmodern" slant.
Question Bank from the Centre for Applied Social Surveys. Contains
questions used in different surveys.
National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse. Provides many
of the most popular measures of substance abuse.
Measures of personality and other individual traits, from the
"CyClone Project" of William Sims Bainbridge.
Discussion of generalizability of research results.
Sample size calculator, using confidence intervals.
Generates random numbers.
Generates sampling distribution statistics from population parameters.
and Experimental Design
Research Randomizer. A site at which you can explore the process
Online Social Psychology Studies. A site at which you can participate
in a social psychology experiment on the Web.
Good Powerpoint slide show on internal validity.
Case studies followed by questions and answers about validity.
Case study scenarios involving issues in external validity.
Centre for Applied Social Surveys (CASS). Offers access to the
Question Bank (a reference source for information on how questions
are formatted and worded in major social surveys) and general
knowledge about survey data collection methods, design, and measurement.
Access to CASS newsletters and CASS courses as well as links to
other research sites of interest such as articles on social survey
General Social Survey. Search all years of the GSS for variables
of interest. Check wording of questions and response choices,
see frequency distributions for variables in different sets of
years, obtain lists of GSS publications, and download GSS datasets.
The Question Factory. A laboratory for exploring survey instruments.
Allows Web users to participate in interactive survey creation
and gives access to survey results.
Online Survey Research/Public Opinion Centers: A Worldwide Listing.
University of Kansas site with a listing of and links to a great
many different survey research organizations.
Survey research resources, including both survey datasets and
Thoughtful survey-based reports on current issues. Maintained
by leading public opinion researchers.
Research Triangle Institute site with information and resources
about different aspects of survey research.
Site for designing online surveys that allows the first 50 surveys
to be collected without charge.
Catalog of survey projects in Britain, with survey overviews and
Take an online survey at this commercial site.
Extensive subject directory to online resources for qualitative
Ethnographic laboratory site at University of Southern California,
with list of films and project reports. You can view pictures
and text from ethnographic research on such topics as rickshaw
drivers in India, traditional dancers in Malawi, and Vietnamese
Resources for Qualitative Research, with explanations and many
Glossary terms used in qualitative research.
Qualitative Report, an online journal with articles about methods
used in qualitative research and findings from qualitative research.
National Geographic text and film about Bushmen in Kalahari desert.
Rich anthropological data useful for planning ethnographic research.
Governmental Accounting Standards Board site, includes information
on performance measurement in government, with case studies.
The Evaluation Center at Western Michigan University, with checklists
and tools for use in evaluation of schools.
Empowerment evaluation and related techniques are described and
resources are provided.
Official site of the Drug Abuse Resistance Education project.
and Comparative Research
World Bank Web site, with numerous resources useful for comparative
A compilation of statistical information by the United Nations
on the nations of the world that allows generation of charts for
comparing nations and detailed statistics on individual nations.
Central Intelligence Agency Fact Book, with extensive statistics
on all countries.
Information on the procedures used by professional document examiners
to determine authenticity, age, etc.
Government Resources on the Web. A subject directory of government
information compiled by the University of Michigan Documents Center.
Thomas, Legislative Information on the Internet. Federal legislation,
including pending and past legislation, and committee composition.
World Bank. Resources that are useful for comparative research.
Includes detailed maps and statistical data on many countries.
Centre for the Study of Democracy at Queen's University, Ontario.
Canada. Includes links to data archives and courses.
Data Analysis and Content Analysis
Content analysis research site, with links to sites for quantitative
content analysis software as well as to sites that provide instruction
in content analysis and those maintained by relevant organizations.
Comprehensive directory of sites for computer-assisted qualitative
data analysis software.
National Election Studies. Includes responses to questions asked
since 1952, a test of the 1996 NES questionnaire, and data for
online analysis. Searchable by keyword.
Statistical Resources on the Web. A subject directory compiled
by the Documents Center at the University of Michigan.
Statistical Package for the Social Sciences home page, with news
and exemplary findings.
Statistics Canada site, with extensive information about Canada's
land and population.
Resources for professional statisticians, including datasets.
A simulator that can calculate a range of statistics. Request
the normal curve simulation, enter the value of the mean and standard
deviation, and it generates a normal curve with this statistics.
Enter values for X and Y and this simulator will calculate bivariate
Bill Trochim's Center for Social Research Methods, with a variety
of resources for learning and using research methods, including
Institute of Social Science Research at UCLA, with data archives
listing hundreds of quantitative datasets available for downloading
Cornell Institute for Social and Economic Research. Extensive
Korean Social Science Data Center, with extensive tutorial on
United States statistical agencies and the data available through
Comprehensive annotated list of data sources on America's children.
National Institutes of Health. Information about NIH programs
National Science Foundation's Social and Economic Sciences. Information
regarding the Sociology Program, research funding, current and
past supported projects, and so forth.
National Technical Information Service for ordering government
Institute of Medicine site with recent research reports online.
IOM reports summarize the "start of the art" in a particular area
of investigation and often include policy recommendations.
National Academies Press with hundreds of research reports on
different topics available for order or for reading (for free)
The Panel Study of Income Dynamics. Provides data and publications[TZA1]
based on these data .
Political Science Resources on the Web. A subject directory compiled
by the University of Michigan Documents Center.
Instructions for U.S. Public Health Service grants, the general
format for seeking research funds from the National Institutes
Guidelines for report writing from University of South Australia.
Extensive guidance on report writing and organization.
Lengthy discussion about writing a scientific research paper.
American Society of Criminology. Includes much useful information
for students, academicians, and practitioners in the many disciplines
related to criminal justice.
The American Bar Association's Commission on Domestic Violence.
Includes a definition of domestic violence, procedures for identifying
a person as a victim of domestic violence, and a list of "basic
U.S. Bureau of Justice. Information about programs, with extensive
data on legal issues.
Crime Stoppers International, an organization devoted to fighting
crime and violence around the world. Offers links to interesting
sites related to the subjects of crime and violence.
Federal Bureau of Investigation. Much interesting information
Institute for Criminal Justice Studies Web Links. "One of the
most comprehensive web links pages for Criminal Justice Information
on the Internet."
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention web site.
Population Index on the Web. Population index for 19861996.
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Department of Labor. A significant
source of data on employment and earnings.
U.S. Bureau of the Census home page. Contains tables and graphs
reporting detailed census data. Population data and economic indicators.
Homelessness, Substance Abuse
Centers for Disease Control site, with statistics, news, fact
sheets, and links.
Subject directory maintained by Institute of Medicine, with links
to related sites.
The National Coalition for the Homeless. Current statistics, publications,
legislative developments, and links to other resources.
KIDS COUNT web site for the Annie E. Casey Foundation, with easy-to-access
interactive statistics and charts that describe children's well-being
by state, city, and other geographic divisions in the U.S..
National Institute on Aging internet links to research resources,
including statistics, literature, and funding opportunities.
Center of Alcohol Studies. Offers links to numerous sites related
to alcohol, alcoholism, and so on. A comprehensive index of a
wealth of information on the subject.
Harvard School of Public Health. The latest findings about student
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Offers
summaries of publications, reports, and statistical information
on SAMHSA research.
Gallup poll. This site contains election poll results dating back
to 1936 and information from polls on current events.
The Roper Center. General information on the center and poll results
on presidential performance.
Current, indexed polling data on contemporary issues from a variety
Federal Electoral Commission site, with rules and news.
American Religion Data Archive, with survey and area data concerning
religion and churches.
Federal and state constitutional, statutory and case law.
University of Michigan site with list of many, many online resources
for political scientists.
Project Vote-Smart site, with information on thousands of candidates
and government officials.